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16-03-2014, 06:47
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J-20 Program Update

Friday, March 7, 2014

J-20. 2011 , 2001 -2002.
2 - -J-20, , 2011 .
2001 2011.


  • Clipped corners on canard/v-tails
  • Redesign slender intakes with bump larger or protruding more
  • F-22-style light-grey color scheme
  • Larger weapon bay and smaller wing actuators
  • Straightened leading edge
  • Inner canopy frame like F-35
  • Redesigned front landing gear door
  • New EOTS-like sensor and holographic HUD display
  • Redesigned rear fuselage around the engines and nozzles moved further in with longer tail sting
It seems like more care is put into all-aspect stealth as the clipped canards has decreased returns from some angles and the ventral fins now seem to completely block engine nozzles from the sides. Looking at the inner edge of the canard, they are modified to conform nicely around intake so as to not create gaps



New radome with a slant bulkhead optimized for an AESA radar .1
2. Significant changes to both the front and rear landing gear doors. The saw-tooth stealth designs on rear doors have been completely changed.
3. EODAS type sensor installation on both sides of the nose.
4. What appears to be stealth (RAM) coating now visible on much of the aircraft including all the leading edges (wings, tails, intakes, etc)
5. As mentioned the intake geometry and shaping has been altered with obvious sharper outer edges and DSI bulges that appear larger.
6. Longer and wider tail booms which should give more IR coverage for the new exhaust outlets.

The addition of forward looking EOTS and larger weapons bays seems to indicate that the production J-20 will be a multirole fighter capable of both A2A and A2G operations. progress we're now seeing I think that we may start seeing LRIP aircraft being fielded in small numbers starting in 2015-2016 time frame.


-F-35 " . -F-35 .

30-05-2014, 21:59
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China's New Anti-Stealth Ultra-Wideband Leida Radar

Posted By Yasir Faheem

In order to better render military and diverse content for readers to meet the reading needs of different readers to discuss domestic and international strategic developments, Sina military launched an exclusive "deep military" section, the depth of interpretation military news hidden behind the trend, three-dimensional rendering China military complex strategic environment facing the welcome attention

China's New Anti-Stealth Radar

Recently held defense electronics exhibition, China demonstrated polymorphism VHF radar, saying these radars can detect stealth targets. Observer network reported, appearing on the Defense Electronics Exhibition export-oriented equipment does not represent China's highest level. The emergence of a few pictures displayed on the web today, a Chinese company produces ultra-wideband (UWB) radar equipped troops

The radar uses the world's most advanced ultra-wideband radar technology and active phased array system, with high detection precision, high resolution imaging target detection distance, anti-stealth, hard to interference, low probability of intercept a series of advanced characteristics. Currently, the United States and Russia have not yet publicly with similar performance radar

18-02-2018, 19:17
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" PLZ-52
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The PLZ-52 is a new Chinese self-propelled howitzer. It is an improved version of a PLZ-05, which is used by the Chinese army. Currently it is among the most capable artillery systems in the world. However the PLZ-52 is aimed mainly at export customers, rather than Chinese army

The Chinese PLZ-52

The PLZ-52 is a new Chinese self-propelled howitzer. It is an improved version of a PLZ-05, which is used by the Chinese army. Currently it is among the most capable artillery systems in the world. However the PLZ-52 is aimed mainly at export customers, rather than Chinese army.

The new PLZ-52 has a modified hull and new turret. This artillery system is fitted with a 155 mm/L52 howitzer. The PLZ-52 is capable of firing a full range of Chinese 155 mm munitions. Range of a standard High-Explosive Fragmentation (HE-FRAG) projectile is around 30 km and around 40 km of extended-range projectile. Maximum range of fire is 53 km with rocket-assisted projectile. It has been reported that China developed a GPS-guided 155 mm projectile. It was claimed that this projectile has a whooping maximum range of 100 km and accuracy of 40 m.

The PLZ-52 is capable of firing Chinese precision guided projectiles. In the 1990s China obtained the Russian Krasnopol laser-guided projectile technology. Later it successfully developed its own precision guided munitions. This projectile has a maximum range of 20 km. Furthermore China publicly revealed new precision guided anti-armor projectiles, similar to the Bonus. The original Bonus projectile carries two smart anti-tank submunitions to a range of 34 km. So Chinese equivalent of this projectile should have similar performance.

This artillery system has a semi-automatic or even fully automatic ammunition loading system.

Maximum rate of fire is around 8 to 10 rounds per minute. The PLZ-52 is capable of Multiple Round Simultaneous Impact (MRSI) firing. It can launch up to 4 rounds that would hit the same target simultaneously.

05-07-2018, 03:56
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2 055
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China launches two Type 055 destroyers simultaneously in Dalian

Andrew Tate, London - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly 03 July 2018

Type-055 Destroyers

Two 10,000-tonne Type 055 destroyers were launched simultaneously by the Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company (DSIC) on 3 July in a move that reflects the rapid pace at which China is building this new class of warship. The latest ships are the third and fourth to be launched, with all four entering the water in a little over a year.

The first Type 055 was launched at the Jiangnan Changxingdao shipyard near Shanghai in June 2017 and the second one in April 2018.

The Type 055 destroyers are the largest surface combatants built for the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) and are an upscaled development of the Type 052D (Luyang III)-class destroyers. The class features an integrated mast in which a number of newly designed planar sensor arrays are installed.

The ships are 180 m long, 20 m wide and will be equipped with 112 vertical launch missile cells. These universal launchers are expected to be out loaded with a mix of HHQ-9 area defence surface-to-air missiles; YJ-18 long-range, anti-ship cruise missiles; CJ-10 land-attack cruise missiles; and torpedo-carrying anti-submarine missiles.

Although Chinese media have previously quoted the displacement as being 10,000 tonnes, it is likely that full-load displacement will be greater – in the region of 12–13,000 tonnes. While this is smaller than that of the US Navy’s Zumwalt-class destroyers, it is significantly larger than that of the Ticonderoga class.

24-07-2018, 02:14
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CHINA Advanced Type 96 main battle tanks arrive in Russia
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CHINA Advanced Type 96 main battle tanks arrive in Russia

Jul 18, 2018

China Type 96 Tank

The advanced Type-96 main battle tanks of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army have arrived in Russia to participate in Army Games, said press service of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation in a statement on 17 July.

According to the statement, the military echelon with the Chinese military vehicles, including Type-96 main battle tanks arrived in Alabino near Moscow to participate in Tank Biathlon of the International Army Games-2018.

There are a part of the echelon platform with four tanks Type 96, special repair and maintenance hardware, wagons with material and technical means and regular ammunition

The same echelon arrives advanced group of mechanics-drivers of tanks, engineers and technical workers of the team of Chinese People’s Liberation Army, taking part in the Tank biathlon

All participants from 23 countries will be placed on the territory of the Taman division, where they are prepared for comfortable accommodation, dining and other cultural and household facilities.

Tank Biathlon will be held from July 28 to August 11 at the Alabino range.

Also, China’s air force will send strategic bombers, fighter jets and transport aircraft to take part in war games in Russia.

Among the Chinese military aircraft at the International Army Games on July 28 will be H-6K bombers and Y-9 transport aircraft.

It is the first time the strategic bombers and Y-9 transport aircraft, which has a range of around 7,800km, will participate in overseas war games.

30-07-2018, 02:04
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Is China Equipping Its Marine Corps With a New Lightweight Battle Tank

An image posted on Chinese online forums may indicate that the Chinese marine corps has been equipped with a new tank.

By Franz-Stefan Gady July 19, 2018

ZTO-15 Light Tank

The PLA Marine Corps (PLAMC), part of the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN), may have inducted into service a new lightweight battle tank, according to an image posted on Chinese online forums. The image, published in mid-July on a Chinese language website, shows what appears to be a ZTQ light tank, also known as the ZTQ-15, painted in the blueish gray PLAMC camouflage.

The PLAMC is reportedly currently undergoing an expansion. According to a People’s Liberation Army (PLA) source, the size of the PLAMC is expected to increase from around 20,000 to 100,000, divided up into six brigades, in the coming years.

“Each PLAMC brigade is divided up into one armored regiment and two marine battalions,” I reported in March 2017. “The brigades are equipped with ZBD05 tracked amphibious infantry fighting vehicles, ZLT05 tracked amphibious assault guns, and ZTZ-96A main battle tanks.”

Whereas the ZTZ-96A displaces around 43 tons, the ZTQ reportedly has a combat weight of between 25 to 35 tons. In October 2017, China officially confirmed the induction of a new lightweight tank for service in high altitude regions. This tank is thought to be the ZTQ.

Designed and built by China North Industries Group Corporation (NORINCO), the first images of a new-type of the new ZTQ MBT, also called Xinqingtan, appeared in 2010. The ZTQ appears to be a downsized variant of the PLA’s VT-4/MBT-3,000, which in turn is based on the Soviet T-72 MBT design. As I wrote last year:

The tank is purportedly armed with a 105-millimeter gun fitted with a thermal sleeve and fume extractor. Similar to guns on other Chinese MBTs, the [ZTQ’s] gun may also be capable of firing laser-guided anti-tank missiles, next to kinetic energy penetrators and high-explosive anti-tank warheads. Furthermore, the [ZTQ] is equipped with a state-of-the-art fire control system and features an autoloader like all Chinese tank designs.

According to some reports, the PLA intends to procure up to 300 ZTQ MBTs. The number of tanks in service with the PLAMC, if any, remains unclear.

The new tank could also serve in the PLA’s Amphibious Mechanized Infantry Divisions (AMID) rather than the PLAMC. China is also in the middle of expanding this force from two to four AMIDs, with each unit equipped with up to 300 armored and amphibious transport vehicles, as well as MBTs.

The PLAMC and the AMIDs still lack a joint command system. As I explained previously, the major weak point of both the PLAMC and the AMIDs is amphibious transport capacity:

According to an estimate by the RAND Corporation, the PLA may be able to field 89 amphibious landing ships [by the end of last year], including five Type 071 Yuzhao-class amphibious warfare ships and up to two bigger Type 081 (some reports use the designation Type 075) Xisha-class landing helicopter docks (LHD), large multipurpose amphibious assault ships.

The PLA presently operates the world’s largest active MBT force.

30-07-2018, 02:27
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Chinese Scientist Develops Full Electric Propulsion for Warships
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Chinese Scientist Develops Full Electric Propulsion for Warships

Our Bureau July 21, 2018

Chinese Liaoning aircraft carrier (Image: Global Times)

A Chinese military scientist has developed a Full Electric Propulsion (FEP) for China’s next-generation warships, including aircraft carriers and destroyers.

This means the power system for China's new warships will become more intelligent and can supply more power to the weapons system. That also means the combat capabilities of China's next generation of warship will experience a qualitative leap, and match the most advanced warships of the US and UK, military experts told the Global Times on Friday.

Central Military Commission Chairman Xi Jinping, also general secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and Chinese president, has signed orders to award a first-class merit citation to Professor Xiao Fei, head of a research institution at the Naval University of Engineering, the Xinhua News Agency reported on Thursday.

Xiao's main contributions focus on a military electric power system that helps China gain the FEP technology. "The medium-voltage direct current (MVDC) integrated power system that Xiao developed has transformed the Chinese navy from traditional mechanical propulsion to FEP," the PLA Daily reported on Thursday.

"There are only two types of destroyers in the world with an FEP system: the Type 45 of the UK Royal Navy and the US Navy's Zumwalt-class destroyer. The FEP is the future of the warship's power system, and China's next generation destroyer, Type 052E, an improved version of Type 052D, and the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier will be able to use FEP," Wang noted.

FEP can provide the ships with stable and strong power supply, and allows the ships to simultaneously use multiple weapon systems and radar or electromagnetic interference, said Song Zhongping, a military expert and TV commentator.

"For instance, Xiao's MVDC power system can realize FEP, and FEP is the foundation of using the electromagnetic gun on a ship

Type 055, China home-built 10,000-ton class destroyer, has not been using the FEP, which uses a diesel-electric and gas propulsion system, but it is very likely to see an improved version with FEP in the future, Wang added. n_for_Warships

27-01-2019, 00:11
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Thailand looks to procure more VT 4 tanks from China

Jon Grevatt - Jane's Defence Industry

16 January 2019

The Royal Thai Army is reportedly looking to secure funds to procure 14 additional VT-4 MBTs made by Norinco.

The Royal Thai Army (RTA) is reportedly seeking cabinet approval to procure additional VT-4 main battle tanks (MBTs) made by the China North Industries Corporation (Norinco).

Local media reported on 16 January that the RTA proposal features the acquisition of an additional 14 units at a cost of about THB2.3 billion (USD72.5 million).

The proposal, if approved by government, will take the RTA's VT-4 inventory to 52. The RTA ordered 28 VT-4s from Norinco in 2016 for THB5 billion and another 10 in 2017 for THB2 billion.

The initial batch of 28 tanks was delivered in late 2017, making Thailand the first export customer of the VT-4, which is the export version of the MBT-3000 design.

The RTA has not yet confirmed the planned acquisition of an additional 14 VT-4s, although Jane's understands that the proposed procurement is consistent with the service's requirements.

Announcing plans to acquire a second batch of 10 VT-4s in 2017, Thailand's Defence Minister Prawit Wongsuwon stated that the RTA would look to procure additional tanks over the next few years.

RTA sources have also previously confirmed to Jane's an overall requirement within the service to procure at least another hundred MBTs to replace ageing and depleted inventories of US-produced M41 light tanks as well as increasing the army's size and capabilities.

18-04-2019, 05:44
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China closing the UGV gap with US, Russia

Discussion in 'Chinese Defence Forum' started by Zarvan, Nov 24, 2018.

The Giant Tiger UGV was displayed at Airshow China 2018. Source: Via Sing Tao Global Network News

China is closing the technology gap with the US and Russia in the development of Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs) that feature autonomous capabilities such as waypoint navigation, targeting, obstacle avoidance, and terrain mapping.

The country continues to invest in research and development of these platforms as demonstrated in the 'Crossing Obstacles' UGV competition held in September in Beijing, and, more recently, in the 6-11 November Airshow China 2018 defence exhibition held in Zhuhai.

An example of this technological advancement is Sany Heavy Industry's Giant Tiger UGV, which is equipped with a host of sensors and dual satellite positioning systems that enable waypoint navigation in addition to autonomous route patrol. The tracked platform, which was shown at Airshow China 2018 armed with a 12.7-mm machine gun, is 1.4 m high, 4.2 m long, and 2.0 m wide. The armoured vehicle weighs 2.1 tonnes and can carry a payload of 800 kg.

Another example is an autonomous all-terrain vehicle (ATV) developed by the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC). The platform, which resembles a quad bike and can be fitted with the TL-4 anti-tank-guided weapon (ATGW), can be used to attack multiple targets within several kilometres.

The China North Industries Corporation (Norinco) is the company leading the way in the country's UGV production. At Airshow China 2018 Norinco displayed four prototype UGVs, each of which was designed with a specific mission in mind. However, all these vehicles can autonomously avoid obstacles and automatically track and aim at targets.

The tracked 'King Leopard’ UGV features a mast-mounted gimbal camera to the rear, enabling images captured in the field to be transmitted to a command centre in real-time, the six-tonne vehicle can be armed with a 23 mm gun as well as anti-tank guided missiles.

18-04-2019, 06:01
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CHINA Unveils heavy IFV concept

Samuel Cranny-Evans, London - Jane's Defence Weekly

25 February 2019

An image of the VT4-based HIFV model at IDEX 2019. The extensive ERA arrangement that would be possible, and to some extent necessary, with such a design is clearly visible on the hull roof. The turret, however, remains relatively unprotected Source: Chinese Ministry of Defence

Key Points

  • Norinco has unveiled a concept for a heavy IFV based on the VT4 MBT
  • The vehicle is only likely to progress as a concept if an export customer is found
China North Industries Corporation (Norinco) revealed a concept for a heavy infantry fighting vehicle (HIFV) based on the VT4 export main battle tank (MBT) at the International Defence and Exhibition Conference 2019 (IDEX 2019), held in Abu Dhabi from 17 to 21 February.

A model of a tracked vehicle was displayed on the Norinco stand at IDEX 2019 carrying the characteristic digital camouflage that the company uses to denote export vehicles.

The model shows a concept for an HIFV based on the VT4, with the engine relocated to the front of the hull from the rear, leaving room for infantry dismounts. It serves as an example to demonstrate the level of additional armour that could be fitted to the vehicle if the design was accepted into service.

An armament for the HIFV is provided in the form of the turret from the tracked ZBD-04A IFV that is in service with China's People's Liberation Army (PLA). This turret is a copy of the turret used by the Soviet-designed BMP-3 IFV and carries a 100 mm low-pressure gun and 30 mm coaxial cannon.

18-04-2019, 06:24
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China is building long range cruise missiles launched from ship containers

Posted On Monday, 08 April 2019 16:23

China is likely to build a variant of its YJ-18 long-range cruise missile that could be fired from shipping containers. This variant would be called the YJ-18C. This new weapon could help China turn its fleet of freighters into potential warships, and commercial ports would then become missile bases.

The Israeli variant of cruise missiles, the Lora missiles, launched from international shipping containers (Picture Source: Checkpoint Asia)

Actually, the new missile variant is in its flight testing phase. This missile would be a land-attack variant of an advanced anti-ship missile that would be deployed in launchers appearing to be standard international shipping containers from the outside. Such containers are being used all around the world for moving millions of tons of goods, and are often placed on the deck of large freighters.

The YJ-18C is China's version of the Club-K cruise missile built by Russia that also uses a launcher disguised as a shipping container. Israel also is working on a container-launched missile called the Lora. Rick Fisher, a China military affairs expert, said he is not surprised China is copying the Russian Club container-launched missile. "It fits with China's penchant for seeking asymmetric advantages against its enemies," he said.

Fisher said China also showcased precision-guided multiple-launch rockets concealed in a shipping container-launcher, similar to the Club-K concept during a military show in 2016.

The weapon system also could be sold to Iran or North Korea as China has done in the past with other weapons systems, including long-range missile launchers that were transferred to North Korea.
Such container missiles could also be deployed on commercial ships that can sail off U.S. coasts or within American ports prior to a conflict. It would then be an incredible advantage for China in an open armed conflict against the U.S. armed forces. Retired Navy Capt. Jim Fanell, a former Pacific Fleet intelligence chief, said a containerized YJ-18 anti-ship cruise missile would add a significant threat to the Navy given the volume of Chinese container ships that enter U.S. ports on the west and east coast, well within the range of the vast majority of the U.S. fleet.

21-01-2020, 02:01
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CHINA Navy first Type 055 class destroyer enters service

Andrew Tate, London - Jane's Defence Weekly

13 January 2020


Nanchang, China’s first Type 055-class destroyer was commissioned into the PLAN in a ceremony held on 12 January at the Xiaokouzi naval base south of Qingdao. Source: Via PLA Navy’s Weibo account

China's first Type 055 (Renhai)-class destroyer entered service with the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) on 12 January: an occasion marked by a long-anticipated commissioning ceremony held at the Xiaokouzi naval base south of Qingdao.

The significance of the event was reflected by the presence of PLAN Commander Admiral Shen Jinlong, who presented the ship's commanding officer and political commissar with its ensign and naming certificate respectively.

Named Nanchang (with pennant number 101), the destroyer was built at the Changxingdao shipyard near Shanghai. It displaces over 12,000 tonnes at full load, is 180 m long and has a beam of 20 m, which makes it slightly larger than the US Navy's 10,000 tonne Ticonderoga-class cruisers, which are 173 m long and have a beam of 17 m.

The principal armament of the Type 055 class centres around its vertical launch system (VLS), which comprises 64 cells forward of the bridge and 48 cells forward of the hangar. The VLS adopts the same universal silos for the missiles as the Type 052D-class destroyers and can launch HHQ-9 surface-to air-missiles, YJ-18 anti-ship missiles, Yu-8 torpedo carrying anti-submarine missiles and CJ-10 land-attack cruise missiles.

Nanchang was launched on 28 June 2017, commenced post build sea trials in late 2018 and on 23 April 2019 took part in the fleet review that marked the 70th anniversary of the founding of the PLAN. Thereafter, the ship underwent further sea trials and returned to Changxingdao on several occasions, probably for defect rectification and minor modifications.

The lengthy period of sea trials most likely reflects the significant number of new systems installed in the ship, particularly in its suite of sensors.
31-05-2014, 00:29
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China building artificial island in South China Sea

James Hardy, London - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly 15 May 2014

e Airbus Defence and Space imagery shows land reclamation ongoing at Johnson South Reef in the South China Sea. Images released by the Philippine Ministry of Foreign Foreign Affairs on 15 May 2014 (left) show the progress of construction on the reef from 13 March 2012 to 11 March 2014
(CNES 2014, Distribution Astrium Services/Spot Image S.A /IHS)

China is attempting to bolster its presence in the South China Sea by creating an artificial island on a reef in the disputed Spratly Islands
Satellite imagery provided by Airbus Defence and Space corroborates images released by the Philippine Ministry of Foreign Affairs that shows major land reclamation on Johnson South Reef, which is claimed by Manila as Mabini Reef, as Chigua Reef by China and Gac Ma by Vietnam

Johnson South Reef was at the centre of a 1998 confrontation between China and Vietnam that left more than 70 Vietnamese personnel dead. After taking control of the reef China built a concrete platform and installed radio and communications equipment

The images released by the Philippine Ministry of Foreign Affairs show that since February 2013 there has been extensive dredging of the atoll to create an islet around the platform. Other concrete structures have also been constructed

The ministry said the construction appeared to be designed to support an airstrip and said it was "destabilizing and in violation of the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea (DoC) and international law. Mabini Reef is part of the Kalayaan Island Group (KIG) which is part of Philippine territory[PMP]_PC5308_Jane%27s%20360%20Newsletter%2022.05.14_Dep loymentEmail_KV&utm_medium=email&utm_source=Eloqua

27-12-2013, 17:03
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Relocation of Marine base on Okinawa wins local approval

By Ernesto Londoño and Chico Harlan, Updated: Friday, December 27, 3:34 PM

[ https https :]

Toshifumi Kitamura/AFP/Getty Images - This April 26, 2010, photo shows a U.S. Marines CH-46E helicopter taking off
from the U.S. Marine Corps Air Station Futenma in Ginowan, Okinawaprefecture. Okinawan officials on Dec. 27, 2013,
approved the long-stalled relocation of the controversial U.S. military base, a breakthrough that would remove
a decades-long source of friction between Tokyo and Washington.

Japan won local approval Friday to begin the relocation of a controversial U.S. Marine base on the island of Okinawa, a move that officials in Washington hailed as a major diplomatic breakthrough.

Okinawa Gov. Hirokazu Nakaima signed off Friday morning on plans for landfill work that will allow the Futenma Air Station to be moved to a less-populated area, according to Japan’s Kyodo News agency. A formal announcement was expected later in the day.

Nakaima’s approval is significant because it breaks a seven-year stalemate in which the relocation plan — agreed upon by Tokyo and Washington — was held up by local opposition. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe persuaded Nakaima to accept the relocation by offering a major spending package aimed at infrastructure and development projects on the island.

The relocation of Marine Corps Air Station Futenma is a key piece of a broader U.S. realignment of troops and re*sources in the Asia-Pacific region. The Obama administration is seeking to augment its presence in the region to counterbalance China’s military rise and anticipate threats from a volatile North Korea.

“Reaching this milestone is a clear demonstration to the region that the alliance is capable of handling complex, difficult problems in order to deal effectively with 21st century security challenges,” U.S. Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel said in a statement, referring to the relationship the United States and Japan forged after War World II.

Completion of the new air station, which is expected to include two runways more than a mile long each, will take approximately a decade, U.S. officials said. As the new facility is built, the Pentagon expects to reduce the number of Marines based on Okinawa from 18,000 to roughly 10,000, as more are deployed to Guam, a U.S. territory, Australia and Hawaii.

U.S. officials have pressed Japanese leaders for years to pave the way for the construction of a new base along the rural northern coastline. The Futenma base currently sits in the middle of dense Ginowan city, surrounded by schools and homes. Residents say the base poses safety concerns, citing a 2004 incident in which a U.S. helicopter clipped a university administration building. Some also complain about noise pollution and about the sometimes unruly behavior of U.S. troops in Japan. Washington and Tokyo have been trying for nearly two decades to move the Futenma base.

Most Okinawa residents are opposed to a new U.S. military facility on an island that already hosts 34 of them. Okinawa comprises less than 1 percent of Japan’s total land area but hosts half of the 50,000 U.S. troops stationed in Japan. In 2009, then-Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama pledged to move Futenma off Okinawa, citing the prefecture’s disproportionate burden. His move failed, but in the process it hardened opposition to the relocation.

Until Hatoyama’s pledge, Nakaima, the governor since 2006, was on board with the relocation plan. But he faced increasing pressure to stop the move, and for several years he said publicly he would never allow it. Still, some officials in Tokyo believed that Nakaima was a pragmatist willing to negotiate.

“He was just looking for the right bargain, and that’s what he got,” said Patrick Cronin, senior director of the Asia-Pacific Security Program at the Center for a New American Security.

Even with Nakaima’s approval, the relocation of the Futenma is precarious, and it could be delayed or derailed by mass protests or court challenges. Some analysts say airplane crashes or crimes by U.S. service members could also change the political atmosphere.

Following the approval, roughly 2,000 protesters flocked to the Okinawan prefectural assembly building in Naha, local media reported. They held signs saying, “Leave office, Governor” and “We won’t allow the landfill.”

Harlan reported from Seoul. Yuki Oda, in Tokyo, contributed to this report.

Diplomacy is about surviving until the next century - politics is about surviving until Friday afternoon
Humphrey Appleby

24-01-2014, 14:08
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China To Build World's Largest Marine Surveillance Ship

China plans to build a 10,000 ton marine surveillance vessel, passing Japan’s Shikishima for the title of world’s largest

By Shannon Tiezzi
January 24, 2014

The Chinese-language newspaper Beijing Daily reported this week that China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC) has signed contracts to build a 10,000 ton marine surveillance ship, which would be the largest such vessel in the world. The ship will be built by the CSIC’s “704 Research Institute,” along with another 4,000 ton vessel. English language sites Global Times and South China Morning Post also picked up on the story.

Notably, the current owner of the world’s largest marine surveillance ship is Japan, China’s rival in a bitter territorial dispute over the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands. Japan’s Shikishima, which was commissioned in 1992,displaces 7,175 tons. Japan recently added a second Shikishima-class patrol ship, dubbed Akitsushima, which launched in July 2012 and was officially commissioned in November 2013. According to Navy Recognition, both ships are 150 meters long and are equipped with Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannons and two M61 Vulcan cannons, with the latter being used as part of a remote weapons system.


Diplomacy is about surviving until the next century - politics is about surviving until Friday afternoon
Humphrey Appleby

31-01-2014, 17:06
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China’s Deceptively Weak (and Dangerous) Military

In many ways, the PLA is weaker than it looks – and more dangerous.

By Ian Easton
January 31, 2014

In April 2003, the Chinese Navy decided to put a large group of its best submarine talent on the same boat as part of an experiment to synergize its naval elite. The result? Within hours of leaving port, the Type 035 Ming III class submarine sank with all hands lost. Never having fully recovered from this maritime disaster, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) is still the only permanent member of the United Nations Security Council never to have conducted an operational patrol with a nuclear missile submarine.

China is also the only member of the UN’s “Big Five” never to have built and operated an aircraft carrier. While it launched a refurbished Ukrainian built carrier amidst much fanfare in September 2012 – then-President Hu Jintao and all the top brass showed up – soon afterward the big ship had to return to the docks for extensive overhauls because of suspected engine failure; not the most auspicious of starts for China’s fledgling “blue water” navy, and not the least example of a modernizing military that has yet to master last century’s technology.

Indeed, today the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) still conducts long-distance maneuver training at speeds measured by how fast the next available cargo train can transport its tanks and guns forward. And if mobilizing and moving armies around on railway tracks sounds a bit antiquated in an era of global airlift, it should – that was how it was done in the First World War.


Diplomacy is about surviving until the next century - politics is about surviving until Friday afternoon
Humphrey Appleby

18-04-2019, 05:34
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Russia completes deliveries of SU35 fighter aircraft to China

Gabriel Dominguez, London and Dmitry Fediushko, Moscow - Jane's Defence Weekly

April 2019

Russia has completed the delivery of 24 Sukhoi Su-35 'Flanker-E' multirole fighter aircraft to China's People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF), an official from Russia's Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation (FSVTS) told Jane's on 16 March.

"The delivery of those platforms to the PRC has been completed," said the official, without revealing when exactly the final batch of aircraft was delivered.
Russian defence conglomerate Rostec had previously been quoted as saying that China had received the first 4 Su-35 platforms in 2016 and a further 10 in 2017 as part of a contract for 24 aircraft estimated to be worth about USD2.5 billion.

In November 2015, Rostec announced that Beijing had signed the contract to purchase the Su-35s, making China the first foreign customer of the Russian-built aircraft, which is claimed to be an upgraded and highly maneuverable '4++ generation' fighter with characteristics and performance close to those of upcoming 'fifth-generation combat aircraft'.

The Russian-Sino agreement reportedly includes not only the sale of the aircraft but also the delivery of, among other things, ground support equipment and spare engines, with a military-diplomatic source telling Jane's on 16 April that the contract is expected to be fully implemented by 2020.

"Some additional subsystems, including ground-support hardware, have yet to be delivered. The customer will have received all the pieces of equipment by the end of the next year," said the source.
A PLAAF source told Jane's that the service would receive a large armament suite for the aircraft. "The Su-35 will be complemented by air-to-air and air-to-ground missiles, as well as unguided rockets, guided bomb units and unguided bombs.

The fighters will carry R-27 (AA-10 'Alamo'), R-73 (AA-11 'Archer'), and RVV-family [air-to-air] missiles and Kh-35E (AS-20 'Kayak') anti-ship missiles," he said.

China's Ministry of National Defense (MND) confirmed in April 2018 that the Su-35 had officially entered service with the PLAAF.

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